Not Broken! – Part 5/5

05 Sep

You may want to skip this page if you prefer opinions without facts used as support (this is known as hot air or natural gas).  I tend to support my opinions, some say, with too many facts (what I consider to be six cups of coffee).

There are more comparisons we should look at, and the first is comparing literacy in America with its northern and southern neighbors in addition to the top-ten countries with the highest reported high-school graduation rates.

In fact, there is another measurement that may be more meaningful than a country’s reported high school graduation rate. That measurement is functional illiteracy.

The United States and many other countries claim high literacy rates because the definition of literacy says, “The adult literacy rate is the percentage of people age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.”

However, functional illiteracy means that reading and writing skills are inadequate “to manage daily living and employment tasks that require reading skills beyond a basic level.”

Functional illiteracy is contrasted with illiteracy in the strict sense, meaning the inability to read or write simple sentences in any language.

For example, my older brother, (died age 64 in 1999) graduated from high school in the United States in 1953 and was considered literate due to the definition of literacy, because he could write and read at a second grade level.  However, he was functionally illiterate and never read a newspaper, magazine or book in his life. In fact, he could not fill out an employment application.

Now, let’s cast serious doubt on comparing high school graduation rates in America with other countries.

According to the United Nations Human Development Report, the United Kingdom, that reported the highest secondary (high school) graduation rate in the world, has 21.8% of its adult population age 16 – 65 considered functionally illiterate.

Switzerland, in second place for high school graduation rates has a functional illiteracy rate among adults of 15.9%.

Norway, in third place, has a 7.9% functional illiteracy rate among adults.

I could find no information on functional illiteracy in South Korea, fourth place, and Japan, fifth place.

Italy, in sixth place for high school graduation rates, has a functional illiteracy rate of 46% among adults

Seventh place Ireland has a 22.6% functional illiteracy rate.

Eighth place Germany has a functional illiteracy rate is 14.4%

Ninth place Finland’s functional illiteracy rate is 10.4%

Tenth place Denmark’s functional illiteracy rate is 9.6%

America’s functional illiteracy rate was reported as 20% among adults.

However, for a better comparison with a similar culture that has similar values and similar problems, I looked north to Canada and discovered that among adults aged 16 to 65, about 42 per cent scored below Level 3 in prose literacy, which is considered the threshold needed for coping in society. Source: Vivele Canada

In addition, the CBC reported on Canada’s shame, saying that nearly 15 percent of Canadians can’t understand the writing on simple medicine labels such as on an Aspirin bottle and an additional 27% can’t figure out simple information like the warnings on a hazardous materials sheet.

For further proof that comparing high-school graduation rates between countries as a way to judge America’s public education system was and is wrong, in 2009, Canada’s high school graduation rate was reported as 78% but the country has a functionally illiterate adult population ages 16 – 65 of forty-two percent (more than twice that of the United States). Even comparing literacy rates is not a fair comparison between countries, for example, because in Finland most parents teach his or her child/children to read before they start school at age seven showing us that culture has a lot to do with literacy too.

However, in America studies show that 80% of parents never attend a parent-teacher conference.

What about Mexico—just south of the US.  According to Mexico’s 2010 census 93.7% of Mexican males aged 15 and older were literate compared to only 91.1% of females, but what about functional illiteracy?  Mexico comes close to Canada with 43.2% of its adult population aged 16 – 65 functionally illiterate as my brother was.

Compared to America’s closest neighbors, the public-education system in the US is doing a fantastic job. Is there room for improvement? Of course, but the overall evidence shows that America’s public schools do not deserve to be condemned as broken. Instead, the facts say that most of America’s public school teachers are doing the job they were hired to do while it is politicians that are telling them what to teach.

Another factor to consider is High School graduation rates by race/ethnicity in the United States

For the 2007-08 school year, 91.4% of Asian/Pacific Islanders graduated from high school (156,687); 81% of Whites (1,853,476); 64.2% of American Indian/Alaska Native (31.707); 63.5% of Hispanic (443,238), and 61.5% of Blacks (415,111). Source: U.S. Department of Education

Most schools have all five races/ethnicities represented in the same classrooms (the schools I taught in for thirty years did) with the same teachers. However, when the numbers are averaged, critics of public education blame the teachers.

When averaged, the graduation rate in 2008 was 74.9%, which makes the public schools seem to be earning a C while they are earning an A- for the Asian/Pacific Islanders and a B- for Whites.

Really? How can the same teacher be so successful with Asian/Pacific Islanders and Whites and not with the other ethnic groups?

This is the advise I told our daughter when she was in grade school: “The only excuse to fail and not learn in school is when students do not pay attention, ask questions, read, do homework, class work, etc.  There is no excuse. Even if the teacher is incompetent, a motivated student will still learn.” And she did.

In addition, the graduation rates increase when the GED is included with traditional high-school degrees. In 2009, the completion rates of 18-through 24-year-olds was: 88.3% white, 87.1% black, and 76.8% Hispanic. Source: U.S. Department of Education

If an Asian or White student is successful with a teacher, why can’t the Hispanic or Black student have the same success with the same teacher?  After all, the teacher is responsible to teach and the student is responsible to learn (or has this been forgotten).  If the teacher wasn’t doing his or her job, then the Asians and Whites should have graduation rates similar to Hispanics and Blacks.

Return to Not Broken! – Part 4 or start with Part 1


Lloyd Lofthouse is the award-winning author of The Concubine Saga.

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4 responses to “Not Broken! – Part 5/5

  1. Margot

    April 3, 2014 at 23:52

    Good series. I learned so much. had no idea the American public schools were doing so well compered to the rest of the world. Because all we read or hear in the media is how bad the schools are doing. Why?

    • Lloyd Lofthouse

      April 4, 2014 at 06:58

      Thank you.

      To find the answer to your “Why?”, I suggest you visit Diane Ravitch’s Blog and start reading her posts. You may also want to buy her book and read that. It’s called “Reign of Error”. Ravitch goes into detail with lots of cited facts and she reveals who the billionaire parasites are who are trying to destroy America’s public schools so they can control what our children are taught. It’s called brain washing. Something that happened in China under Mao and in Germany under Hitler. For instance, a few of the billionares who are trying to buy America’s public education system and take it away from Parents and the democratic system: Bill Gates, the Koch brothers, the Walton family, Michael Bloomberg, Eli Broad, and several Hedge Fund billionaires (one of those was a former Enron executive who left Enron right before it went bankrupt because the CEO and other top execs had lied about profits and looted their retirement funds, etc. This guy then took his millions to Wall Street and launched a Hedge Fund where by hook or crook he became a billionaire).

      That will never happen in America’s democratically run public schools because of the elected school boards and the fact that what subjects the public schools are controlled by each state department of education. Even the textbooks must have approval from the state and the elected school board.

      Here’s the links to Ravitch’s Blog, her website, and her book on Amazon:

      And a YouTube video where Ratvich is on a major TV talk show.

  2. Reka

    November 12, 2014 at 04:30

    I like your post! 🙂
    I´m really interested in international functional illiteracy rates. Can you please get to know me the source where you found the rates and these exact percentages.

    • Lloyd Lofthouse

      November 12, 2014 at 08:01

      I added this link to the post for the UN Human Development Reports where I found the data mentioned in my post, but I wrote this post in 2012 and this link leads to the updated 2014 data.

      Here’s the direct link.

      I’ve written and published so much on so many topics that I forgot about this specific data. Thanks for reminding me, because I think it is crucial in the public education debate going on in the United States as corporate driven Pub-Ed fake reformers base their false claims on misleading data that the U.S. public schools are failing in their job to teach America’s children, when the truth is exactly the opposite when all the data is compared instead of the cherry-picked data the corporate fake reformers use to fool the public so they will achieve their greedy agenda to get their hands on almost $1 Trillion in annual tax dollars from the states that supports democratic public education.


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